Vinsauf begins Section 3 with steps for amplification and abbreviation. In class we went over the tools for amplification, such as repetition, periphrasis/circulation, comparison, apostrophe, personification, digression, description, and opposition. We next discussed the helpful strategies for abbreviation, including emphasis, articles, ablative absolute, avoidance of repetition, implication, asyndeton, and the fusion of clauses. In addition, we took note of the length of the actual amplification and abbreviation sections. The amplification part consisted of many pages with many in-depth examples. On the other hand, the abbreviation section is much shorter and more condensed.

Furthermore we discussed the difficult and easy ornaments. The difficult ornaments consist of metaphor, onomatopoeia, antonomasia, allegory, metonymy, hyperbole, synecdoche, catachresis, and hyperbaton.

While discussing the metaphor I shared a TED talk on a different way to think about the metaphor. Although we think that metaphors are typically only used in formal writing or speech, they are evident in our daily lives. People constantly speak in metaphors as a way to connect to and better understand the people to whom they are speaking. There were two tests that the video contained, one with shapes and one with color. The one had two images, a round one and a pointy one. When given the words bouba and kiki. 99.9% of people name the round shape bouba and the spiky shape kiki. All of us in class followed this logic. The second test consisted of the words of different colors, written in all different colors. One had to identify the word that was spelled out, not the color in which it was written. This was difficult because when one automatically sees the color, one’s first thought is the color, not the word.

The next section we covered was easy ornaments. These strategies include figures of diction, figures of thought, understatement, hyperbole, ambiguity, consequence, aposiopesis, analogy. We finished the discussion with faults to avoid.

Overall, we recognized connections between amplification and abbreviation and the difficult and the easy ornaments. These different strategies are all able to work off of the other. We agreed that one way is not better than the other because it depends on the type of speech or work you want to present and to whom you want to present it. Furthermore, we agreed that a piece cannot have only amplification, only abbreviation, only difficult ornaments, or only easy ornaments. Only one strategy would not be effective. A good writer recognizes that there is a fine line between all of these strategies; if over used or under used it will not be an effective piece.